The dating of the quran

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The Traditions in question here are usually to the effect that such and such a passage was revealed in connection with such and such an event.Thus sura 80.1-10 is said to have been revealed when a blind man called abd allah Abd-Allh umm maktum ibn-Umm-Maktm came up to him as he was talking to some leading men of Quraysh and hoping to win them over.In respect of chronology Nldeke assumed a progressive change of style from exalted poetical passages in the early years to long prosaic deliverances later.He followed the Islamic tradition in recognizing a division into suras mainly revealed at Mecca and those mainly revealed at Medina, but further divided the Meccan suras into three periods.

the dating of the quran-14

The suras of this period, in the order assigned to them by Nldeke are: 96, 74, 111, 106, 108, 104, 107, 102, 105, 92, 90, 94, 93, 97, 86, 91, 80, 68, 87, 95, 103, 85, 73, 101, 99, 82, 81, 53, 84, 100, 79, 77, 78, 88, 89, 75, 83, 69, 51, 52, 56, 70, 55, 112, 109, 113, 114, 1.

The suras of the period are: 54, 37, 71, 76, 44, 50, 20, 26, 15, 19, 38, 36, 43, 72, 67, 23, 21, 25, 17, 27, 18.

In the Third Meccan Period the use of ar rahman ar-Ramn as a proper name ceases, but other characteristics of the second period are intensified.

In the Second Meccan Period there is a transition from the sublime enthusiasm of the first period to the greater calmness of the third.

The fundamental teaching is supported and explained by numerous illustrations from nature and history.

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